We are learning about Lewis and Clark this week! I love Thomas Jefferson’s desire to spend $10 million to purchase a small section of land in France’s Louisiana Territory only to have Napoleon offer the entire land mass for $15 million. God answers us that way too sometimes. Think of the ways that you’ve asked for something that seems large only to receive something so so much better! This land enabled the US to outstretch its arms and welcome peoples from war torn areas of the entire world. It allowed people to spread and dream and plant new homes in freedom. It also lead to great hardships for the Native Americans who lived there.
The videos on Lewis and Clark are fascinating. I fully expect to hear stories of EHA kids discovering new lands, bugs, and plants. I hope you enjoy this exciting week!
Week 11 Card 1, Louisiana Purchase
For Our Little Ones:
Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States, purchased a very large section of land from Napoleon of France for $15 million. Napoleon had just been defeated in Haiti and had lost that strategic port. He also needed money. Jefferson then asked Lewis and Clark to explore this new land. The land cost the United States $.03 per acre.
With the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the United States purchased approximately 828,000,000 square miles of territory from France, thereby doubling the size of the young republic. What was known as Louisiana Territory stretched from the Mississippi River in the east to the Rocky Mountains in the west and from the Gulf of Mexico in the south to the Canadian border in the north. Part or all of 15 states were eventually created from the land deal, which is considered one of the most important achievements of Thomas Jefferson’s presidency. See History.com
Week 11 Card 2 Lewis and Clark
Lewis and Clark were the young men whom Jefferson asked to survey the Louisiana Purchase.
Lord Nelson and the Battle of Trafalgar
For Our Little Ones:
Napoleon, the leader of France, was irritating Britain with Naval blockades so their ships could not pass through to other ports. He teamed with Spain and together they fought Britain in a naval battle. Even though the British, under Lord Nelson were outnumbered but they still won a big victory. Almost all of the French and Spanish ships sank.
In one of the most decisive naval battles in history, a British fleet under Admiral Lord Nelson defeats a combined French and Spanish fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar, fought off the coast of Spain.
At sea, Lord Nelson and the Royal Navy consistently thwarted Napoleon Bonaparte, who led France to preeminence on the European mainland. Nelson’s last and greatest victory against the French was the Battle of Trafalgar, which began after Nelson caught sight of a Franco-Spanish force of 33 ships. Preparing to engage the enemy force on October 21, Nelson divided his 27 ships into two divisions and signaled a famous message from the flagship Victory: “England expects that every man will do his duty.”
In five hours of fighting, the British devastated the enemy fleet, destroying 19 enemy ships. No British ships were lost, but 1,500 British seamen were killed or wounded in the heavy fighting. The battle raged at its fiercest around the Victory, and a French sniper shot Nelson in the shoulder and chest. The admiral was taken below and died about 30 minutes before the end of the battle. Nelson’s last words, after being informed that victory was imminent, were “Now I am satisfied. Thank God I have done my duty.”
Victory at the Battle of Trafalgar ensured that Napoleon would never invade Britain. Nelson, hailed as the savior of his nation, was given a magnificent funeral in St. Paul’s Cathedral in London. A column was erected to his memory in the newly named Trafalgar Square, and numerous streets were renamed in his honor.