20 Weekly Letter

Battles of Shiloh and the Second Battle of Bull Run

Also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing, the Battle of Shiloh took place from April 6 to April 7, 1862, and was one of the major early engagements of the American Civil War (1861-65). The battle began when the Confederates launched a surprise attack on Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant (1822-85) in southwestern Tennessee. After initial successes, the Confederates wereunable to hold their positions and were forced back,resulting in a Union victory. Both sides suffered heavy losses, with more than 23,000 total casualties, and the level of violence shocked North and South alike.Also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing, the Battle of Shiloh took place from April 6 to April 7, 1862, and was one of the major early engagements of the American Civil War (1861-65). The battle began when the Confederates launched a surprise attack on Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant (1822-85) in southwestern Tennessee. After initial successes, the Confederates were unable to hold their positions and were forced back,resulting in a Union victory. Both sides suffered heavy losses, with more than 23,000 total casualties, and the level of violence shocked North and South alike.

  • Was fought in Tennessee
  • Confederate General Albert Johnston was killed and General Beauregard assumed command.  Remember General Beauregard from Fort Sumpter?  You could link him and this battle to the first battle of the Civil War, Fort Sumpter.
  • Think about it, 23,000 men died in just two days.  War is so senseless and cruel. 62,000 men were either killed, missing, or injured in just two days.

Second Battle of Bull Run

A Christian television station in Fairfax, Virginia has requested that Eden Hope Academy students teach an event in history through video for their annual competition.  EHA will help by editing your video and adding text.  If you’re interested in producing a video for the competition please let us know!  info@edenhopeacademy.com

Week 20 Card 2 1819 – 1910  Julia Ward Howe writes the Battle Hymn of the Republic

  • Julia Ward Howe was an abolitionist writer and poet.
  • She had been asked by Abraham Lincoln to visit DC and advise him about the conditions of the Union Troops.
    • Abraham Lincoln asked for a woman to do this important task.  What does that say about his feelings about women.  Remember, women were not given many opportunities for leadership at this time.
  • God gave her the words to The Battle Hymn of the Republic in a dream.
  • The song was extremely special to Lincoln and the soldiers on both sides of the war.

General Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign and “March to the Sea”

From November 15 until December 21, 1864, Union General William T. Sherman led some 60,000 soldiers on a 285-mile march from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia. The purpose of this “March to the Sea” was to frighten Georgia’s civilian population into abandoning the Confederate cause. Sherman’s soldiers did not destroy any of the towns in their path, but they stole food and livestock and burned the houses and barns of people who tried to fight back. The Yankees were “not only fighting hostile armies, but a hostile people,” Sherman explained; as a result, they needed to “make old and young, rich and poor, feel the hard hand of war.”

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